Hypertrophy of Tonsil
There are many causes of obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome in children. Tonsil and adenoid hypertrophy is the most common cause of obstruction. Tonsillectomy is a common surgical method for the treatment of this disease. Although the various methods of tonsillectomy can achieve the corresponding therapeutic effect, some children seldom develop tonsillitis due to the younger age of the sick children, and the flattening body has its special physiological function in the development of children. How to achieve the best therapeutic effect with minimal trauma should be the main problem for clinicians to explore. The tonsils are part of the systemic lymphoid system, which provides contact and defense against bacteria and others.The first line of defense to the pathogenic factor, the body has defense and protection function. Tonsils are one of the most important sites for lymphocyte formation, which can produce various immunoglobulin, including IgD and IgE. Secretory IgA is an important factor to resist local infection of respiratory mucosa. For the tonsils with chronic inflammation caused by repeated infection, the preservation of tonsils will do more harm than good when they become lesions, so total tonsillectomy is beyond reproach. But for the tonsils without repeated inflammation, the loss of physiological function would be caused by the complete excision of the tonsils, which were largely obstructed by hyperplastic fat. Thus from the guaranteeIn fact , the partial resection of tonsitona has been carried out for many years , but it has been reported that partial resection can achieve a similar treatment effect with total resection . Does this affect the immune function ? Does the operation affect immune function ? Does it affect immune function ? Is there any re - proliferation and inflammation reaction ? These doubts have been eliminated by the research institute of foreign scholars .Light pain, the curative effect is close to the total excision procedure. For the answer to the problem of rehyperplasia or inflammation after the tonsillectomy, some scholars compare the total excision and partial excision 10 years after the total excision and partial excision, and think that the rate of rehyperplasia and inflammatory reaction is very low. The partial tonsillectomy has only been reported in recent years. This method was developed on the basis of the successful implementation of the tonsillectomy for many years, from the view that the tonsillar physiological function was retained and the respiratory obstruction was relieved. The foreign scholars also called the tonsillectomy "intracapsular resection.". Because the blood supply of tonsil is mostly concentrated in the peripheral space outside the tonsil, if the plasma probe is used in the total tonsillectomy, the larger blood vessel will be injured by mistake, and the risk of this kind of operation will increase. However, partial tonsillectomy can avoid the risk of accidental injury of large vessels because it is only cut in the tonsil parenchyma and does not enter the surrounding space of human tonsil. At the same time, the simple hyperplastic and hypertrophic tonsil tissue is softer. Easy to cut and not to bleed, making the operation easy and safe.