Cervical spondylosis, also called cervical vertebrae syndrome, is a disease based on degenerative pathological changes, including cervical osteoarthritis, proliferative cervical spondylitis, cervical nerve root syndrome and cervical disc prolapse. Because of long-term strain of cervical vertebrae, hyperosteogeny, or prolapse of intervertebral disc and thickening of ligaments, cervical spinal cord, nerve root or vertebral artery were compressed, and a series of clinical syndrome of dysfunction appeared. It is characterized by instability and loosening of vertebrae, protrusion or prolapse of nucleus pulposus, formation of bone spines, hypertrophy of ligaments and secondary stenosis of the spinal canal, and stimulation or compression of adjacent nerve roots, spinal cord, vertebral artery and cervical sympathetic nerve, causing a series of symptoms and signs.
Cervical spondylosis can be divided into cervical spondylosis, cervical radiculopathy, cervical myelopathy, vertebral artery cervical spondylosis, sympathetic cervical spondylosis, esophageal compression cervical spondylosis.
1.Degeneration of cervical disc
2.Developmental cervical spinal stenosis
(1)Bad sleep position
(2)Improper working posture
(3)Inappropriate physical exercise
4.Congenital malformation of cervical vertebrae
The clinical symptoms of cervical spondylosis are complicated. There are mainly neck back pain, upper limb weakness, finger anaesthesia, lower extremity fatigue, walking difficulty, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, even blurred vision, tachycardia and dysphagia, etc. The clinical symptoms of cervical spondylosis are related to the location of lesion, the degree of tissue involvement and individual differences.
2.Cervical spondylotic myelopathy
3.Vertebral artery type of cervical spondylosis
4.Sympathetic type of cervical spondylosis
5.Cervical Spondylotic Compression of esophagus